Weather: The climate, especially on the peninsula, is arid, dry and of high temperatures, but the sea breeze and the northeast trade winds blow during most of the year.
Altitude: The average altitude of La Guajira is 865 m above sea level.
Rainy Season: Rains are scarce which characterizes its arid weather but generally rainy season occurs in the months of September to November.
WHAT TO WEAR? Due to its arid climate, we recommend light clothing, preferably of cotton, sunglasses and a hat to protect you from the strong sun rays. Make sure to pack comfortable shoes and some sandals. Don´t forget an eco-friendly mosquito repellent. Your camera is a MUST!
HIGHLIGHTS: La Guajira is a huge coastal Caribbean desert and is home to Colombia´s largest indigenous population. You cannot leave La Guajira without visiting Riohacha, Palomino, Uribia, Cabo de la Vela, Punta Gallinas, Albania, Manaure, San Juan del Cesar, los Flamencos Nature Sanctuary, Mayapo and La Macuira National Natural Park. If you can, try visiting all of these places!
More of La Guajira
La Guajira is one of the most visually striking places in South America. Located along the northern coast of Colombia, its landscapes are amazing. Get stunned by one of the most remote places of the country, a peninsula full of contrasts where the sea, desserts, cactuses, and a green oasis merge. Beautiful beaches and a culture owned by the Wayúu indigenous community make it a must-see destination for local contact lovers.
La Guajira is one of the most beautiful departments in Colombia. The territory of the department is formed by the Guajira Peninsula and part of the eastern foothills of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. It is divided into two natural regions called Alta and Baja Guajira. In its territory there are three national natural parks, five indigenous tribes and a large Arab community that has had a transcendental role in its economy. Its temperature ranges between 22 ° C and 40 ° C, you can find different landscapes and ecosystems such as desert, dry jungle and wet mountain. It is also recognized for having a wide variety of animals such as flamingos and birds with beautiful feathers, monkeys, tigrillos, deer, among others.
Learn about the Wayuu culture in La Guajira
La Guajira has the largest population of indigenous communities in all Colombia. Around half of its inhabitants are Wayuu, Arhuaco, Kogi or Wiwa and many welcome visitors and want to share their culture, rituals and gastronomy. The Wayuus are one of the most unique and numerous of Colombia’s Indigenous communities. Never conquered by the Spanish, they live hard lives in the extreme heat and drought of the Guajira deserts. However, they possess a unique and fascinating culture, one which you can learn all about by staying at a Rancheria (an authentic Wayuu house).
Insider tip: if you appreciate local handcrafts and want to take home a colorful and meaningful present, you can find the original Mochilas Wayuu here and buy them directly from the artisans. These handbags are the ultimate expression of the Wayuu craftmanship. They are easy to recognize by their colors and designs. They are made in crochet (technique introduced by Catholic missionaries in the early twentieth century) and the elaboration of each piece can take approximately 20 days.
River tubbing in Palomino
Visiting the little beachside village of Palomino on Colombia’s Caribbean is a must if you’re looking for a more relaxed atmosphere. Travelers like this small town for its excellent hostels, great seafood, fantastic location and beautiful natural scenery. By far the most popular activity in Palomino is tubing down the river from the jungle to the sea.
Tubing involves floating along a river sitting in an inflated inner tube, and the clear rivers flowing down from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountains into the sea around Palomino are the perfect places to enjoy a spot of tubing.
INSIDER TIPS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: There is only access to electronic ATMs and banks in Riohacha and La Uribia, for the rest of the destinations you must carry cash. Electricity is limited at the “posadas”, there is only electrical power from 6 pm to 9 pm. This will be the time where you will be able to charge cell phones, cameras and other electronic devices.
Metropolitan Touring Colombia