Chiribiquete is the confluence point of four biogeographical areas: Orinoquia, Guyana, Amazonia, and North Andes. It covers an area of over 4 million hectares, about the size of Switzerland, and contains some of the world’s oldest rock formations, the Guiana Shield. One of the defining features of Chiribiquete is the presence of tepuis, flat rock masses with heights between 350 and 840 meters, which dramatically stand out in the forest reinforcing its remoteness, inaccessibility and exceptional conservation.
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The biodiversity of this area is extraordinary, with one of the highest rates of plant diversity in the northern Amazon and home to thousands of species—many of which are threatened—including lowland tapirs, giant otters, giant anteaters, woolly monkeys, jaguars, etc.
But Chiribiquete is much more than dramatic scenery and unexplored, megadiverse rainforest. Chiribiquete is culturally significant for its indigenous communities and contains one of the oldest, largest, and densest archaeological pictographic complexes in the Americas. Over 75,000 figures have been made by indigenous people on the walls of the 60 rock shelters from 20,000 BCE, and are still made nowadays by the uncontacted peoples protected by the National Park. These paintings depict hunting scenes, battles, dances and ceremonies, as well as fauna and flora species, with a particular the worship of the jaguar, a symbol of power and fertility – hence the reference to Chiribiquete as the “Maloca (ancestral home) of the Jaguar”.
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